1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Eternal Youth / Classic Car | MiniAuto

Eternal youth is a miracle bestowed on only a small number of cars, and the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL coupe is one of these elite groups. The Stuttgart-based brand unveiled its new sports car in February 1954 at the International Motor Sports Show in New York, and in doing so, lit the flame of a world icon. automotive world. With its smooth, graceful body, the 300 SL has not lost its freshness even after the millennium has ended and was voted "Sports Car of the Century" in 1999. The "Gullwing" door brings to the essential inspiration, opens up towards the sky to reveal a tightly sculpted interior. The history of the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing is steeped in the life of an influential admirer. Importer Maximilian E. of the US. It was Hoffman who urged Mercedes-Benz to build a road car in the image of its racing coupe, the start of production in 1954 bearing fruit in his efforts. The assembly lines may have waved goodbye to the last of the only 1,400 units of the 300 SL coupe ever produced in 1957, but the spirit of this particular car certainly lives on.

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - From the track to the road

Originally, the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL was conceived as a purpose-built racing sports car (W 194). In 1952, the coupe set an impressive record of success in the major races of the year. At the Grand Prix in Bern, the 300 SL swept away podium spots, a superb performance aided by a one-two result against a fierce 24-hour pitch by Le Mans. The Nürburgring track reasonably yielded a second, and the new Mercedes sports car also won the Carrera Panamericana in Mexico. All of this has contributed to Mercedes-Benz's monumental comeback in motor sport, starting over where the brand left off during its highly successful period before World War II.

Although initially there were no plans to put the 300 SL into mass production, the Daimler-Benz Board of Directors left the words of Maximilian ("Maxi") Hoffman ringing in his ears. The official importer of Mercedes-Benz cars into the US has lobbied tirelessly to have a sports car to offer to its connoisseurs, and the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL race car has fit the bill. This bill is perfect. After lengthy deliberation, the green light was given for the mass production of the 300 SL (W 198), as well as a smaller convertible sports car, the 190 SL (W 121).

The two models are expected to hold a launch ceremony less than six months after the Board of Directors approves the project. The event was the International Auto Show that took place in New York from February 6-14, 1954 and was at the time the most important American auto show. Engineers have upended their race with the watch, and the 300 SL and its smaller sibling, the 190 SL, are poised to receive a standing ovation from the admiring crowd. Mass production began in Sindelfingen in August 1954 and the sale price was fixed at 29,000 Marks - a pretty hefty sum at the time, especially when you compare the new model to the Mercedes-Benz 170 Vb. - sold for 7,900 Marks.

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Exterior

The body of the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing was developed with the main purpose of reducing aerodynamic drag to a minimum. The result is a streamlined form with few embellishments, a car that adheres faithfully to its design brief and retains its freshness and charm to this day. Well proportioned and extremely dynamic, it's as if the 300 SL - rushing forward on its wheels - had been cut into a single die.

The new sports car is truly a crowd-pleaser, thanks in no small part to its superbly alluring "gull" doors. Rather than simply serving as a stylish gimmick, they represent the central element of the 300 SL's design, the ultimate example of necessity as the mother of invention. The car's aluminum skin is stretched over a tubular frame that, for the sake of stability - rises much higher than usual on the sides of the car, making it impossible to fit conventional doors. The engineers' response was to devise a top-down door concept. The luxury of the car's side view remains undisturbed by a door handle, with a discreet pull-up bar to remove the lock. Then the door opens to the top with the help of a telescopic spring.

The tubular frame for the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL, designed by Rudolf Uhlenhaut, reduces weight to a minimum but delivers maximum power. A series of ultra-thin tubes welded together into triangles to create a frame with impressive torsional stiffness and subject only to compression and tensile forces. In the standard SL, the frame weighs just 82 kg, while the finished car is ready to drive and includes a spare wheel, tools and fuel weighing 1,295 kg.

The body of the 300 SL is constructed largely of high-grade sheet steel, although aluminum is used for the engine hood, trunk lid and leather panels for the sills and doors. For a relatively small surcharge, customers can opt for the entire bodywork made from light alloy, which reduces the vehicle's total weight by 80 kg. However, only 29 SL customers purchased this option and their cars are rare in demand today.

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Technology

The technical construction of the 300 SL is indebted to the Mercedes-Benz 300(W 186 II) sedan, the vehicle of choice for many politicians and industrialists and also known as the "Adenauer Mercedes". The six-cylinder engine featured a number of modifications, one of which saw the carburetor replaced by a directional injection system - a technical advancement that was years ahead of its time. This new technology increases power to 158 kW (215 hp) and the car's top speed up to 260 km/h, depending on the rear axle ratio. Customers can order their SL with a choice of five different rates. The standard 1:3.64 variant is set up primarily to deliver quick acceleration and is capable of reaching speeds of 235 km/h. The 1:3.89 and 1:4.11 ratios are great for even faster acceleration, while the 1:3.42 option offers a higher top speed. This figure still increases further - to 260 km/h - when the ratio is set at 1: 3.25. However, this "results in significantly reduced acceleration, making the car less enjoyable to drive in city center traffic", as the sales information points out. The 300 SL hit 100 km/h in just 10 seconds, with testers at the time measuring an average fuel consumption of 15 liters per 100 km. The 100-liter fuel tank is located at the rear of the vehicle and can be expanded to 130 liters for an extra charge.

The engine has to tilt 45 degrees to the left to squeeze under the hood of an extremely flat vehicle, thereby reducing legroom on the passenger side. The SL's center of gravity is almost exactly in the middle of the car, creating the perfect foundation for fast and precise cornering. Basically, the chassis is the same as the 300a sedan, but sportier tuning and the drum brakes are tuned to increase the performance of the muscular sports car. Only later, in the roadster variant of 1961, were they replaced with circular disc brakes.

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Interior

The interior of the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing is certainly more than spectacular. Standard fabric upholstery was available in three tested model choices, but most customers opted for leather instead. Metallic silver bodywork is standard, although red, dark blue and black also proved popular.

The lack of space makes entering the 300 SL a challenge – this is a sports car after all. Fortunately, the handlebars fold down, making it possible for the rider to twist his foot in the direction of the pedal. Once seated, the driver enjoyed a refined cockpit design that was ergonomically impressive. The steering wheel is just enough distance for the arms to reach and the driver's feet to move intuitively over the pedals: the 300 SL is a car for the driver. Other than that, the dashboard is extremely clean and well laid out, with the tachometer and speedometer in the center of the driver's field of vision, as you'd expect.

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Handling characteristics

On the road, you quickly realize why the Mercedes-Benz 300 SL is named after those specific letters - the car is definitely Sporty and Light. With an engine rated at 215 hp and a total weight of just around 1,300 kg, acceleration is impressive - especially with the right rear-wheel ratio choice. Outstanding torque ensures good traction at any speed. Direct steering and firm suspension make the car great for off-roading. There is no doubt that the 300 SL is a sports car of the best lineage. That said, it's not practical, as many owners were quick to appreciate. To them, this is a high-speed touring car that offers precise driving characteristics but avoids excessive power consumption by the driver. The trunk is large enough, supplemented as it is by the extra room behind the seats for additional luggage. Alternatively, customers can order a tailor-made set of luggage to make the most of the available space.

★ ★ ★ ★ ★

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Maxi Hoffman continues the pressure

The first Mercedes-Benz 300 SLs went on sale in Europe in 1954, while Maxi Hoffman received the first customer car in March 1955. A total of 1,400 Gullwings rolled off the production line. , this number - about 1,100 units - has found its way to the United States. Therefore, Hoffman has assessed the market reaction to the car very well and has every right to be satisfied with his work. However, he also succeeded in capturing the expectations of his discerning customers, who now want more comfort in their cars, larger trunks and in many cases is the convertible version. Hoffman passed the message on to Stuttgart and again his request paid off - this time the 300 SL road car (W 198 II) was introduced in 1957.

★ ★ ★ ★ ★

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Success on tracks and courses

The racing genes of the 300 SL have drawn famous racers and privates from around the world to motorsport races and races. The 300 SL made its debut in the famous races of the day in 1955 - and it didn't take long before it became a success. The Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing achieved legendary status before the assembly line was shut down, thanks in part to its success in competitive races but above all to its stunning design charm. The 300 SL has been considered one of the most sought after and appreciated cars in the world for 50 years now, and its status as one of the most respected classic cars on the market will remain. intact for a while.

1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Eternal Youth / Classic Car | MiniAuto 1954 Mercedes-Benz 300 SL Gullwing - Eternal Youth / Classic Car | MiniAuto Reviewed by Dang Nhan on August 17, 2021 Rating: 5

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